What Is Intelligence? – Cognitive Skills #1

What Is Intelligence? – Cognitive Skills #1


Hi there, I’m Edvin Palmer. Welcome to my Series on Intellectual Giftedness. Throughout this series, I’ve talked about
intellectual giftedness without telling you what intelligence really is. So, today,
I want to tackle this basic question: What’s intelligence? Intelligence is the
capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional
knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem-solving. More generally, we
can describe it as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to
retain it as knowledge to be applied toward adaptive behaviors within an
environment or context. In their book on intelligence, professors Resing and Drenth answered the question “What Is Intelligence?” using the
following definition: “the whole of cognitive or intellectual abilities
required to obtain knowledge and to use that knowledge in a good way to solve
problems that have a well described goal and structure”. In regular
language, we can say that intelligence refers to how smart or clever you are. Scientists most often study intelligence
in humans, but also observe it in both non-human animals and in plants.
Intelligence in machines is called artificial intelligence, which is
commonly implemented in computer systems using programs and sometimes appropriate hardware. Let’s return to human intelligence. What is that? Human intelligence is the intellectual power of humans, which is
marked by complex cognitive feats and high levels of motivation and
self-awareness. Intelligence enables humans to remember descriptions of
things and use those descriptions in future behaviors. It’s a cognitive
process. It gives humans the cognitive abilities to learn, form concepts,
understand, and reason, including the capacities to recognize patterns,
comprehend ideas, plan, solve problems, and use language to communicate. Intelligence enables humans to experience and think. So, there you have it. In my coming videos
in this series, I’m going to talk about how to improve each cognitive ability, so we
can all become more intelligent. Whether you’re intellectually gifted or not. All this
info came from these websites. I’ve left these links below this video. If you want
YouTube to notify you that I’ve uploaded a new video in this series, subscribe to
my channel. If you want to watch this series from the start, you can do that by clicking on that link as soon as it appears on the
screen. I’ll be back next Friday with more Swedish Pronunciation Training. Till
then, I only want to say three things: thank you for watching, have a great day,
and bye for now.